Navy petty officer Pablo Paredes was convicted and sentenced for missing movement stemming from his refusal to board the Iraq-bound ship USS Bonhomme Richard. The sentence included two months restriction, three months hard labor without confinement, and reduction in rank to E-1. The sentencing came the day after his conviction by a judge trial in a special court martial held May 11, 2005, at the 32nd Street Naval Station in San Diego. Below are some highlights from the case.
"What I submit to you and the court is that I am convinced that the current war is exactly that (illegal). So, if there's anything I could be guilty of, it is my beliefs. I am guilty of believing this war is illegal. I'm guilty of
"I believe the government just proved that any service member has reasonable cause to believe that the wars
in Yugoslavia, Afghanistan and Iraq were illegal"
Write letters to the editor, and help educate your organization, church, union, school, co-workers and community.
believing war in all forms is immoral and useless, and I am guilty of believing that as a service member I have a duty to refuse to participate in this war because it is illegal." From Pablo Paredes statement during sentencing.
"I think the government has successfully proved that any seaman recruit has reasonable cause to believe that the wars in Yugoslavia, Afghanistan and Iraq were illegal." - Lieutenant Commander Bob Klant (presiding judge at court martial) comments after a difficult cross examination (by the prosecution) of International Law expert Marjorie Cohn.
"He is trying to infect the military with his own philosophy of disobedience. Sailors all over the world will want to know whether this will be tolerated. Sailors want to know whether doing what he did is a good way to get out of deployment." - Prosecutor Lt. Brandon Hale.
"a stunning blow to the prosecution. This is an affirmation of every sailor's and military person's right to speak out and follow their conscience," - Defense lawyer Jeremy Warren describing the judges final sentence.
Paredes based his defense on his belief that the war in Iraq is illegal, and that he had a duty to avoid participating in it. He said that he wanted to "put the war on trial." This defense was not accepted by the judge.
However, during the sentencing portion of the hearing, the judge did allow testimony about the legality of the war, about the "reasonableness" of Paredes' opinion in that regard, and about his sincerity as a conscientious objector to war.
Paredes' lawyer, Jeremy Warren, called Prof. Marjorie Cohn as an expert witness on international law. Cohn testified that the war in Iraq is illegal because it meets neither of the two standards incorporated into the United Nations Charter. The two standards are self-defense, collective or individual, and authorization by the Security Council. The U.N. Charter has been ratified by Congress and, thus, is the "law of the land," Cohn testified. She testified further that the overwhelming preponderance of opinion among international law experts is that the war in Iraq is illegal.
During a lengthy and testy cross-examination, Cohn was repeatedly asked by the prosecutor whether it was her opinion that "any seaman recruit" could decide for themselves whether such wars as Yugoslavia, Afghanistan and Iraq were illegal and, thus, have a duty not to serve in them. Cohn responded that none of those wars met either of the standards in the U.N. Charter that would confer legality upon them, and, so, were illegal. Since they were illegal under the Charter ratified by Congress, participation in them would constitute a violation of the "law of the land."
At the conclusion of Cohn's testimony, the judge, exasperated by the prosecutor's efforts, said, "I think the government has successfully proved that any seaman recruit has reasonable cause to believe that the wars in Yugoslavia, Afghanistan and Iraq were illegal.
Paredes' supporters in the courtroom were astounded at the judge's remarks and left the courtroom elated. When court re-convened today, the previous day's elation had turned sober in anticipation of Paredes' sentencing. During the sentencing portion of the court martial, the prosecution had proposed 9 months confinement, maximum forfeiture of pay, reduction in rank to the lowest pay grade, and a bad conduct discharge. But when, after an hour of deliberation, the judge returned and pronounced the sentence, Paredes' supporters' joy re-emerged. According to Paredes' attorney Jeremy Warren, the sentence was an "affirmation" of the right of members of the military to speak out publicly on issues like the war in Iraq. Larry Christian, who testified on Paredes' behalf, said, "This is a huge victory. It recognizes, even if only by implication, the legitimacy of acting against an illegal war based on sincere and reasonable beliefs."
The sentences of restriction and hard labor are to run concurrently and will begin when appropriate paperwork is completed, which is expected to take up to a month. Until then, Paredes will operate on a normal schedule at the Temporary Processing Unit to which he is assigned.
Paredes currently is awaiting the NAVY's final decision on his request for Discharge based on Conscientious Objection. Despite positive recommendations from the NAVY chaplain and psychiatrist, the investigating officer recommended his request be denied. Pablo has submitted a rebutal and
is awaiting the final decision.
Over the past weekend, the school classrooms primary and secondary Hekma, in the city of Erbil in northern Iraq, seemed dormitories: mattresses They lined along the walls with neatly arranged personal belongings with them.
Some 700 Iraqis displaced Hekma made their temporary home. UNHCR and other aid agencies provided them with emergency aid and the inhabitants of Erbil, in Iraqi Kurdistan, also they came to help.
In the early hours of last Friday, UNHCR and dozens of volunteers worked together to provide 2,500 mattresses and down and 500 boxes of hygiene products such as soap, toothpaste and toothbrushes to this latest wave of internally displaced Iraqis. They had fled the village of Qaraqosh, near the second largest Iraqi city Mosul on Wednesday night. They explained that had exploded fighting between forcespeshmerga Kurdish fighters and anti nearby.
In total, 550 mattresses and quilts were sent to school Hekma. But also it is estimated that 4,000 other IDPs took refuge in other schools, churches, community centers and homes of relatives. Children as young as 10 years helped unload trucks and to carry emergency supplies to the school, where it was distributed among families.
Among them were Behnam, his wife Nadia and her five children, who had fled his home in Qaraqosh night. “It’s too hot here,” he complained Nadia while wiping the sweat from his forehead to his daughter Marianna, 2 years. “We have to share all bathrooms and no showers,” he added.
At least they could sleep on mattresses and quilts for everyone. Another humanitarian organization was responsible for providing hot food in the form of chicken, rice and vegetables on Friday morning. “We want to go home even if there are power outages and water,” said Behnam.
But others had doubts about his return, not only for security reasons but also for the grim future ahead.The police officer told Bassam wearing a month without charge. “Nobody expected this,” he said. “With two boys and a girl, what am I going to do now?”
It is the question that will increasingly become more internally displaced. Since January, the number has exceeded one million throughout Iraq. There was a first flight of half a million people of Anbar governorate in central Iraq, and in the last two weeks, the fighting has forced more than half a million out of Ninewa and other northern provinces.
For some, it was not the first time fleeing the fighting. One mother explained that is Baghdad but moved to Qaraqosh because she felt unsafe at home in the Iraqi capital. The UNHCR protection staff says it is increasing the number of Iraqis who have fled several times.
“It’s a phenomenon that unfortunately we are seeing more and work to know its magnitude,” explained Gemma Woods, UNHCR. “There are families who fled the fighting in central Iraq almost a decade ago, settled elsewhere and now find they have to flee again to be sure,” he added.
At the moment, things seem to improve for the thousands of displaced who left last week Qaraqosh. On Sunday morning, six buses went to school Hekma to bring back home the displaced. Local leaders made them know that they could return to Qaraqosh because the fighting had ended and their homes were intact. In the afternoon, almost all refugees from that town had returned.
Meanwhile, UNHCR received reports of another major shift, in this case from Tikrit (halfway between Mosul and Baghdad), where military and insurgent groups face for two weeks. Visit dripsndrops.net for more info.
And so glad we went with his gas mask your filter, injection of atropine. Not only with it but also with those for her husband and two young children, who live with her in a modest house in northern Jerusalem.
Yinyi X (his name remains anonymous to avoid reprisals) took weeks very concerned about the possibility of the outbreak of war in Iraq and to counter Saddam Hussein to Israel. Upon arrival at the store where he works in the center of the Holy City, interrogating your boss about how he saw the situation. “Do I need a gas mask?” He asked one every other day too.
A question that the nearly 300,000 foreign workers living in Israel, many of them illegally, were made with repetitious insistence. Suddenly, they saw the light at the end of the tunnel. The Israeli army echoed the general concern of immigrants made and put on sale a full Iraqi chemical attacks to prevent equipment: a CPAP Sydney gas mask, a filter and an injection of atropine. All for the “modest” price of 40 euros, half of which would be refunded to buyers once finished the war and returned hypothetical gas mask.
Nothing to do with the Israelis or the Palestinians in East Jerusalem who have green card. They all receive their masks, filters, their free atropine injections. Many of them, before picking his team, returned ancient masks.
Nothing to do with Palestinians in Gaza and the West Bank, who claimed at the time the distribution of gas masks but whom the Hebrews courts denied the right to consider that are the responsibility of the Palestinian administration dynamited.
Well, the second strand of the Hebrew television and Haaretz have now revealed that these not only old but outdated and obsolete masks have been sold by the Army to foreign migrants, without even warning of it and serious risk to your health .
The scandal in Israel is enormous. Ofir Pines, Knesset member and general secretary of the Labour Party, has demanded the opening of an investigation and the corresponding resignation in the dome of the Ministry of Defence for having implemented “a cynical and inhuman policy” against foreign workers. Lawyers human rights organizations have denounced what happened to a more than eloquent phrase: “We give foreigners the garbage we do not want the Israelis.”
The joy of Yinyi, in a well. “Now I understand many things. When we went to collect gas masks we put in a queue to foreigners and other Israelis. They gave them and more modern masks and use and us gave us other expired, so I see. In addition we argued a lot to not open our packages because it could jeopardize the usefulness of the masks when they wanted to avoid is that we realized the expiration date. What happens in this country is that we are not human beings too, honored family with children? Workers “, he asks with tears in his eyes. Not for less. Atropine, like any medicine, can cause health problems if injected expired.
It also filters out of time are useless. And it is that injections intended for migrants predate 1995 while gas masks and filters predate 1982.
33,000 units sold expired
Spokesmen for the Israeli Defense Ministry have recognized that the equipment sold to foreigners (33,000 so far) were outdated but insist they still could be useful in the next six months. But only for foreigners, never for Israelis.
The war of masks has not done it but start in Israel, less than a week of Purim, the Jewish carnival. The trouble is that in this case are gas masks and not to disguise themselves and can ultimately save lives in danger.Nobody believes that Iraq today has the capacity to reach Israel with missiles but the citizens of this country have everything ready so that if that happens the least impact. The case of the 300,000 foreign workers, mostly from Eastern Europe and Asia, is also on this occasion, another story, another war.
The fifth program of the third season of Top Chef started with big news is that this would be the day of the War of restaurants , a mythical test in all editions of the talent showcooking.
The challenge was to run a restaurant rea l: buy the products, design the menu, cooking, organize the waiters and receive and respond perfectly to forty people.
To do this the contestants would be divided into two groups whose leaders would decide the jury of Top Chef: Mari Paz and Oriol . They who would choose which of his companions went to the other team.
Finally the thing was like this: Mari Paz, Carlos, Alejandro, Luca and Sergio on the gray team doing creative cooked and Oriol, Alex, Montse, Marcel and Mary in the orange traditional cuisine.
All moved to the supermarket on two buses, each of a team. There Mari Paz heard something the opinions and proposals of their peers . On the contrary, Oriol, did command and control because he was the boss.
Once in the supermarket purchase was a disaster with runs, shouting and included falls. Montse fell face down to Álex not control the car and hit him. After the accident, the oldest of the program said in disgust: I have the feeling that the coup has not been by chance.
Already in the boxes gray team makes the purchase without problems. However the orange goes from the 750 euros available and have to start to remove and put productos.
Además realize that they have forgotten to take eggs. For its part the gray team has bought a box of 120 eggs. Montse Carlos asks eggs. Mari Paz is willing to give them but members of his team make you change your mind and do not share or an egg to oranges.
Here he was beginning to get serious thing and Oriol declared war on the gray team.
How to manage a restaurant and the Last Chance
The gray would be the first test. It moved to the restaurant Skylight Barcelona . There would have to prepare everything, cook two first, two seconds and a dessert for forty people and manage the restaurant in two hours.
This team Chicote criticized the lack of unity because it is a menu in which five dishes are prepared for five cooks, he said.
And it was time to serve diners including restaurant regulars, the jury were Top Chef and members of the Orange team.
Most criticized the gray team were rations were very small . Oriol criticized this and everything they did grays and even their own colleagues accused of disrespect Oriol and education.
In turn, the oranges would do the same in the Can Cortada Restaurant , also from Barcelona. In this team there was, from the beginning chaos, deconcentration and poor organization . Boil water cannelloni 40 minutes before arriving diners were spent cooking the pasta, they missed time over … All results in a real craze in appointing a little guilty about their leader Oriol. and in which Montse is about to leave the program.
And in the kitchens of Top Chef Roncero, Chicote Diaz and sent to the last chance to orange team . In this test Oriol, Alex, Montse, Marcel and Maria would have to cook with jellybeans to prove themselves and to continue one more week in Top Chef.
After the tasting and relevant deliberation, the jury decided that the best course for its mix of fruit and trinkets was the Alex, the second of Marcel and the third Montse.
Chicote Diaz Roncero and had thrown unceremoniously, the two remaining contestants for their bad dishes. Paco Roncero to say that these dishes were a hogwash.
The truth is that the dish Meeting of Elders of Oriol remember much the lion eats shrimp another cooking program ( Master Chef ) that so much criticism and jokes easily aroused.
But definitely the night was expelled from Mary, who had made a fruit plate in which the jellybeans (test requirement) were absent.
All his colleagues have felt much the loss of Mary in the program because it was always the joy of the garden.
Regarding Oriol many of them do not even want to see him so disorganized and was on the edge test equipment. Read more here at http://www.chefmod.com.
We present a selection of videos and documentaries that have arisen about the occupation and the war in Iraq, which began on March 20, 2003.
March 20, 2013 7:58 pm
On Thursday March 20, 2003 began the occupation in Iraq, also known as Gulf War or Operation Iraqi Freedom in the US and Operation Telic, in the UK.
According to Iraqbodycount.org, a site that takes a public record of violent deaths by the invasion of Iraq, the civilian death toll is between 827 and 111 000 122 000 303.
Tuesday November 19 EFE reported that human rights organizations and veterans against the war today called to the White House responsibilities to the United States by the impact of the intervention in Iraq , when the tenth anniversary of an invasion is true that just he has commemorated at the official level.
Ten years ago, the then US president, Republican George W. Bush announced in a brief speech to the nation the start of targeted attacks against Iraq intended to end the regime of President Saddam Hussein.
Thus it began a controversial war deemed “illegal” by human rights organizations and ignored by the US government and official institutions, who have preferred to maintain discretion in this event.
President Barack Obama and Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel, paid tribute in separate statements to the more than 4,000 US military deaths and 32 thousand wounded during“one of the longest wars , ” whose sacrifice, according to the president, he gave the Iraqi people “the chance to shape their own future after many years of hardship”.
Defense Secretary reminded the military and civilian Iraqis “were killed in the crossfire” and those who “continue to struggle to secure and govern their nation”, while showed the US desire to continue supporting their efforts to achieve a “nation peaceful, safe, free and prosperous”.
We present a selection of videos and documentaries that you can watch that have emerged from 10 years ago to explain, photograph, video capture and understand the conflict.
1. The war you do not see, John Pilger (in English, subtitled in Spanish)
2. Iraq: The Women’s Story
3. Iraq for sale (English)
4. Frontline: Private warriors (English)
League to the official website of the documentary
5. Generation Kill (Trailer, English)
6. Standard Operating Procedure (Trailer, English)
7. The War Tapes (Trailer, English)
8. Green Zone. Protected District (Trailer in Spanish)
9. Control room (in English)
10. Operation Double Bush: The Bravo Company Story (English)
10 years later speak NGOs
EFE reports that activists, although the last US troops left Iraq in December 2011, the war continues for those who are suffering the consequences and ask the United States to be responsible for an invasion that began with the false argument that Hussein was hiding weapons of mass destruction.
In a ceremony at the White House, organizations Veterans Against the War, Center for Constitutional Rights, together with the Women’s Freedom (OWFI) and Federeation of Workers Councils and Union Iraqis, presented the initiative “Right to heal” ( “Right to cure “), with which they try to achieve restitution of damages.
“The US government tried to justify the war saying they could bring democracy to our country. Instead, they brought more violence and sectarian division, “lamented the Iraqi Yanar Mohammed, president and cofounder of the OWFI.
The Center for Constitutional Rights said it introduced, on behalf of these organizations, a petition to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (CIDH) for a thematic hearing on the “human impact” of this war with testimonies of veterans and Iraqis celebrate that suffered.
With this action seeking an open dialogue about war crimes, sexual violence and damage to public health that caused the bombings and give recommendations to the Government for “reconciliation” and “reparation” to victims.
“The 10th anniversary of the US invasion of Iraq marks a notable failure of accountability by the United States, the United Kingdom and Iraq itself,” said Human Rights Watch (HRW) said in a statement.
HRW also regretted that despite allegations of abuses against detainees in Iraq, such as beatings, simulated suffocation and electric shocks to the genitals, has not done a thorough investigation, and has been responsible for high charges the “war crimes” committed in the country.
“The failure of successive governments of the United States to investigate the numerous allegations of abuses by US and Iraqi forces has set an ominous precedent and helped entrench a culture of impunity as one of the basic characteristics of the heritage of EE. UU.in Iraq, “he lamented Sarah Leah Whitson, director of Middle East affairs at Human Rights Watch.
Former Secretary of Defense United States. Donald Rumsfeld, one of the visible faces of the invasion, along with former Vice President Dick Cheney, also recalled the event in a discreet message on Twitter in which he said “the hard work of freeing 25,000 Iraqis” and considered that “all playing a role in history deserve our respect and appreciation. ”
The spokesman of the State Department, Victoria Nulad, left for historians on the war valuation and although pointed in Iraq in the last decade “seen progress,” acknowledged the work to be done on a day in which a wave of attacks has killed 50 Iraqis and wounded at least 172.
Chilcot read your report. Photo taken from Euronews.
The member of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom, John Chilcot announced today that his country did not exhaust all peaceful options before invading Iraq in 2003.
Chilcot, chairman of the independent commission established to investigate the involvement of the UK in the Iraq War of 2003, officially The Iraq Inquiry , was responsible for drafting the report on the armed conflict promoted by the United States.
In a statement in London to publish the document, expected for seven years, he said thatin his day, the military option “was not the last option” available. He said the former British Labour minister Tony Blair presented as evidence a certain “not justified” on the possession of weapons of mass destruction by the then Iraqi president regimeSaddam Hussein .
Chilcot said Blair, prime minister from 1997 to 2007, pledged military forces before the peaceful alternatives were exhausted in Iraq. According to the document prepared by the senior adviser to the British crown official, the consequences of the invasion were underestimated although it had “explicit warnings” about the planning and the situation in Iraq it was “totally inadequate”.
Among other things, Chilcot said that the intelligence used to justify the invasion was “defective”. It also argued that Saddam Hussein posed no threat before March 2003, when the United Kingdom and the United States began armed intervention.
The author of the analysis recalled the difficult situation in which Iraq is today and mentioned the devastating bombing last weekend, in which 250 people were killed.
“More than 200 British citizens died as a result of the conflict in Iraq. Many more were injured. This has meant deep distress for many families, “lamented Chilcot. The invasion and subsequent instability in Iraq had caused, until July 2009, “the death of at least 150,000 Iraqis, and probably more, most of them civilians. More than one million people were displaced. The people of Iraq have suffered greatly, “noted Chilcot.
Download the statements of John Chilcot on the invasion of Iraq UK at hush hush pdf.
How cinema has portrayed the last large-scale war? propagandists tapes, anti-war and other Middle Eastern countries are among the highlights.
Since World War II, the US invasion in Iraq, which these days celebrates 10 years has been the war’s registered cinema, with the caveat that has been documented only in a decade with the facts, in some cases even acaeciendo.
They have made about thirty fiction films, as much of documentaries and television, and also have been busy all platforms to illustrate it: from the video recording by the soldiers themselves, blogs, videos for Internet and cellular, which has given the conflict a multiplicity of views and formats.
All this wealth from xmovies8 we choose the most representative bands of the conflict in the genre of fiction, from the war itself tapes to films that reflect upon its consequences.
Living on the edge (The Hurt Locker, 2008)
It was considered at the time of its release, as the best film about the invasion by Hollywood. He won six Oscars and showed a face of the conflict few times explored with realism: the imminence of death. Without a clear anti-war speech, Kathryn Bigelow’s film showed the brutality and alienamiento soldiers, and an enviable pace to display the vertigo of the conflict.
Conspiracy (In the Valley of Elah, 2007)
American war veteran (Tommy Lee Jones), to investigate the disappearance of his son Mike, a soldier deployed to Iraq just before returning, was away from their base and were never heard.Classical research on the disappearance promenores you question your own beliefs and military.Directed by Paul Haggis, it is one of the most painful period tapes.
Back to Hell (Home of the Brave, 2006)
2006 tape starring Samuel Jackson sobrecuatro US soldiers who are about to finish its mission in Iraq. But shortly before embarking on the trip, they are sent on a humanitarian mission last transport of drugs to a small town. The unit is ambushed and has serious losses, where those who survive are tortured. The tape shows the psychological and insertion effects in the US, in the path of the classic The best year of our lives and Coming Home, but with a much more melodramatic.
Turtles Can Fly (2004)
This award-winning Iranian film directed by Bahman Ghobadi, was one of the first non-Hollywood films that openly criticized the US invasion. The story takes place on the border between Turkey and Iraq just before the US invasion. Its protagonists are children living in that territory and survive to trade on both sides of the conflict. True to the spirit of Iranian cinema, the film is acted by children who actually live in that area, with the consequences that entails, such as mutilation, burns or blindness.
The controversial former Brian de Palma back on track with this a typical film, which revolves around the rape of an Iraqi teenager and the murder of his entire family by a group of American soldiers. Based on a real event that occurred in Mahmudiya in March 2006, the director puts at its center not only the atrocities of US soldiers, but censorship of the media Americans about the war.
Battle for Haditha
This English band did not reach the Chilean cinemas, but is probably the most critical western ribbon with the American invasion. In November 2005, in the city of Haditha, Iraq, Iraqi insurgents bombed a convoy of marines killing the officer. Blinded by anger, his platoon records every house killing all who cross his path. The result is the death of 24 people, including women and children. Director Nick Broomfield, formed in the documentary, delivers one of the most realistic approaches to conflict.
American soldier (2005)
One of the tapes more explicitly pro-US is this film by Sidney J. Furye. In 2004, during a routine tour, a patrol ambushed and trapped across enemy lines and must face the Fedayeen in Iraq and desperately fighting for their lives. The film, low budget, openly sought to encourage young people to enroll to war.
The Mark of Cain (2007)
A British army patrol is ambushed and killed their leader. Two young soldiers, prisoners of despair, looking in every house the culprits and rush events. Back in England are judged by mistreatment and torture of suspects. This British film of 2007 directed by Mark Munden is in fact a TV movie that won two Bafta awards, watch the movie on putlocker.
The situation (2006)
Shortly after the fall of Saddam Hussein, a patrol of US soldiers launched by a bridge two young. One of them dies, but the fact unleashes a wave of violence in the country. A US periodosta which is covering the invasion, seeks to make a report and next to a iraaquí photographer, you will discover the truth of what happened. This is the first American film fiction that acclimated to the conflict.
In the spirit of exploring the National Geographic of the War of Science , the FACTS Network (Defenders food, bisphenol-A and low-calorie sweeteners. This is what the experts had to say about science in these issues and why they think these issues are so often misreported, communication through Science) of the IFIC Foundation – An expert, interactive scientific, global network health and food advocates formed to combat the rising tide of misleading advice, statistics and scare tactics – published a three – part series on the blog Food Insight War of Food Science. Each installment featured experts on food security and nutrition who share their views on three commonly misinformed topics: corrections rapid weight loss
Hollie Raynor, PhD, RD, LDN, Associate Professor and Director of Nutrition and Public Health, University of Tennessee, Knoxville: Virtually all studies of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) have demonstrated success at 6 months or more, the use of a combination of diet, physical activity and behavior strategies.Such interventions are called lifestyle interventions. Produce a degree of weight loss improves health outcomes, such as prevention of type 2 diabetes Several professional organizations have used this research to provide recommendations for the treatment of obesity. However, this evidence seems to be absent in the secular media as press reports and magazines .
FACTS: To be scientifically substantiated help or affect the weight loss programs are popular among consumers?
Julie Schwartz, MS, RDN, CSSD, LD, ACSM-HFS, Coach Certificate of Health: I do not think it helps or harms. However, seeing a science – based that has been well researched against models that are sexy and weight loss “easy” plan, consumers tend to keep their emotions. I think there is a strong segment of people who are tired of trends and want lasting results, you want help to make changes that lead to lasting change in weight and to learn behaviors that lead to maintenance.
FACTS: If you will develop the perfect media coverage, scientifically based, to control weight loss, how would it be?
HR: The stories say that weight loss occurs due to the realization of a negative energy balance and weight maintenance is due to a balance between energy consumption and energy expenditure. Point.
2. Bisphenol-A (BPA)
Bisphenol-A (BPA) is used in food and beverage containers to protect food from contamination that can cause foodborne illness.
FACTS: What we know about bisphenol A and any impact on our bodies?
Henry Chin, PhD, Food Safety & Risk Communication Expert, Henry Chin & Associates: BPA is probably one of the most studied chemicals in history. There have been hundreds of studies on the potential health effects of BPA conducted over the past 30 years. These studies and almost all officially sanctioned reviews of available studies conclude that humans are not at risk by eating foods that may contain traces of BPA in some packaging materials.
FACTS: it Is safer than families avoid BPA?
HC: Since the BPA does not pose a risk, there is no valid reason for families to avoid BPA scientific reason.
FACTS: What do you think has led to all the media coverage of BPA?
HC: I do not entirely blame the media for the coverage volume on BPA. The media have a responsibility to report new information about alleged risks or health hazards. Researchers have an incentive to publish interesting results, and often these results are “interpreted” creatively to create more media coverage.
FACTS: How does science on BPA coverage?
HC: Media coverage of BPA apparently been limited to stories focusing on individual experiments with unproven conclusions and uncorroborated. There is little coverage that includes experts examining the totality of the evidence.
It is true that the science of BPA is complex, but that science stripped of its complexity, is nothing more than rhetoric and should be seen that way.
3. Low-calorie sweeteners
FACTS: What do we know about low calorie sweeteners and their impact on our body?
Robyn Flipse, MS, RDN, Communication Services Nutrition : Low calorie sweeteners can make food and drinks to taste sweet, with few or no calories compared with sugar and other caloric sweeteners. Levels do not increase blood glucose or insulin requirements and are non-cariogenic, so do not contribute to tooth decay. Besides perceived sweet taste, they have little impact on the body, as mostly pass through unchanged.
FACTS: What do we know about the safety of low-calorie sweeteners?
John Foreyt, PhD, Director, Behavioral Medicine Research Center, Baylor College of Medicine : All sweeteners low approved calories have been studied and reviewed rigorously by government and scientific bodies worldwide, before being used in food and beverages . Low – calorie sweeteners approved by the FDA, meet the same safety standards as other foods are safe for consumption, even for pregnant women and children.
FACTS: Based on the research, what families need to avoid low-calorie sweeteners?
Julie Jones, PhD, CNS, CFS, LN, distinguished academic and professor emeritus of the department of family, consumer and nutrition sciences, University St. Catherine: No. Like everything in nutrition, balance is needed. It is important to use tools such as low – calorie sweeteners along with a balanced diet, otherwise some patients see the impact of poor diet and blame the low – calorie sweeteners.
FACTS: What is the craziest statement you’ve seen on a low-calorie sweetener or low-calorie sweeteners in general?
JJ: That the low – calorie sweeteners cause weight gain, when research actually shows that low – calorie sweeteners are useful for reducing calories for those struggling with weight.
RF: It always amazes me the number of people who believe that low calorie sweeteners can cause cancer, when neither the National Cancer Institute or the American Cancer Society appoint the low calorie sweeteners as one of the dietary factors which can increase the risk of developing cancer.
FACTS: How does science in the way that low-calorie sweeteners are covered by the media and online?
JJ: I would like the best fit science. Those who have the ‘microphone’ earn by using emotion. Many consumers do not understand that science can change, because methods change. I think we have to present studies and reviews as the “Non – Caloric Sweeteners and Obesity” John Fernstrom , showing how low calorie sweeteners are useful for people with diabetes and those struggling to reduce calories.
RF: The news agencies must compete for our attention and this needs to drive for sometimes irresponsible way the news is reported. Most people do not read the entire article under the heading or the current study and important details are lost. I spend more of my time correcting misinformation that people read in the news about low calorie sweeteners, what really happened educating them about nutrition and health. It’s a full time job!
For more ideas on experts and these topics, visit the ” War on Food Science ” Food Insight Blog.
Also, take a look at our post ” Warriors for Science “!
“The pioneers of a warless world are the youth that refuse military service.”